In this article we are going to learn Create Dockerfile for Node.js app, Create server.js and package.json file | How to build and push Docker image to DockerHub using GitHub Actions.


  • DockerHub account
  • GitHub Account
  • Basic knowledge of GitHub Actions, CI/CD, YAML 

First of all you need to create new repository on GitHub or you can use your old repository also

Step #1:Create Docker file for Node.js App

You can use our existing GitHub Repository of push Docker image to DockerHub using GitHub Actions.

We have to create a Dockerfile for our application using below code.

FROM node:14

WORKDIR /usr/src/app

COPY package.json .
RUN npm install 
COPY . .


CMD ["node", "index.js"]

Step #2:Create a package.json file

Lets create a new package.json file using below code

    "name": "docker_nodejs_demo",
    "version": "1.0.0",
    "description": "",
    "main": "index.js",
    "scripts": {
      "test": "echo \"Error: no test specified\" && exit 1"
    "keywords": [],
    "author": "",
    "license": "ISC",
    "dependencies": {
      "config": "^3.3.6",
      "express": "^4.17.1"

Step #3:GitHub Actions workflow push Docker image to DockerHub using GitHub Actions

Now configure the GitHub Actions. For the Image building and pushing it to DockerHub and here we are going to use a great tool from GitHub called GitHub Actions.

Now let’s create your workflow using below file:

name: Build and Push Docker image to Docker Hub

on: push
    name: Push Docker image to Docker Hub
    runs-on: ubuntu-latest
      - name: Check out the repo
        uses: actions/checkout@v3
      - name: Login to Docker Hub
        uses: docker/login-action@f054a8b539a109f9f41c372932f1ae047eff08c9
          username: ${{ secrets.DOCKERHUB_USERNAME }}
          password: ${{ secrets.DOCKERHUB_PASSWORD }}
      - name: Extract metadata (tags, labels) for Docker
        id: meta
        uses: docker/metadata-action@98669ae865ea3cffbcbaa878cf57c20bbf1c6c38
          images: my-docker-hub-namespace/my-docker-hub-repository
      - name: Build and push Docker image
        uses: docker/build-push-action@ad44023a93711e3deb337508980b4b5e9bcdc5dc
          context: .
          push: true
          tags: devopshint/node-app:latest

Let’s understand our workflow first

Steps: Steps represent a sequence of tasks that will be executed as part of the job steps

Job: Name: Check out code

It job simply checks out our GitHub repository for “Dockerfile” to build the docker image

Job: Name: Configure DockerHub credentials

In this job we need to configure AWS login Credentials. For accessing the DockerHub we need to define a custom Role in later steps.

Job:Name: Build, tag, and push image to DockerHub

In this step we are going to build the Docker Image by copying using the Code in our Repository, tagging the Image with Version and pushing Image to DockerHub

Step #4:Create repository in DockerHub

Firstly go to your DockerHub account, input the name, select visibility and click on create.

Step #5:Add DockerHub Repo Secrets on GitHub

Now to access DockerHub, so here we need to add DockerHub Username for DOCKERHUB_USERNAME and password DOCKERHUB_PASSWORD as mentioned in GitHub Actions workflow.

So go to the settings and create secrets and set them as Environment Variables as shown below.

Step #6:Push Docker Image to DockerHub Using GitHub Action

Now let’s commit and push our code into our repository.

Now our Job got succeeded. we have have completed

Now you can open the DockerHub repository and check for the final image with the latest tag inside it.


We have covered Create Dockerfile for Node.js app, Create server.ja and package.json file | How to build and push Docker image to DockerHub using GitHub Actions.

Related Articles:

GitHub Actions Tutorial with Practicals


Publishing Docker images using GitHub Actions official page

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